Sunday, August 6, 2023

Areca catechu plant

The Areca catechu, commonly known as the betel nut palm, is a type of palm plant that thrives in tropical regions across the Pacific, Asia, and certain parts of East Africa. Its leaves are approximately 1.5-2 meters in length, pointed at the tip, and composed of numerous small leaflets.

This tree has the potential to grow to significant heights, typically ranging from 10 to 30 meters, featuring a trunk with a diameter of around 20-30 cm, narrowing at the top. The upper portion of the betel nut palm, known as the crown, typically adopts a rounded shape, displaying a green hue during its youthful phase and transitioning to yellow and eventually red as the fruits reach maturity.

The cultivation of the betel nut palm is widespread in India and Sri Lanka, where the local population utilizes it and refers to it as 'adakka' in the Malayalam language. The tradition of consuming betel leaves, betel nuts, and lime is closely associated with this palm, especially among the elderly.
The fruit of the tree possesses medicinal potential. The shoots of Areca catechu, along with those from Areca Borneensis and Areca Triandra, are suitable for consumption. The shoots of Areca Hutchinsoniana serve as a means of removing parasites. Additionally, boiled husks of betel nuts find application in treating wounds.

The betel nut fruit exhibits an ovoid shape, resembling a chicken egg, with dimensions around 3-5 cm x 5-10 cm. The exterior of the fruit is covered in fibers or strands, and it encases an edible content within its shell. The fruit begins as green during its initial stage, transitions to yellow during ripening, and finally assumes a red hue when fully matured.
Areca catechu plant

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